Modeling transport of colloidal particles through polydisperse fibrous membrane filters under unfavorable chemical and physical conditions

Handol Lee, Seungkoo Kang, Seong Chan Kim, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerical simulations of filters with polydisperse fibers under chemically and physically unfavorable conditions were conducted to predict particle retentions on polypropylene fibrous filters. The fibrous filters were analyzed by a scanning electron microscopy to obtain fiber size distributions, and on the basis of a randomized algorithm, 2-D calculation domains were generated, and flow field calculations were conducted. For tracking particles, the standard Lagrangian tracking method in ANSYS Fluent software was modified by user-defined functions to incorporate particle deposition via interception and interaction energy calculations. Particle release from collector surfaces was considered by performing torque analysis for particles attached to the surfaces. Numerical retention efficiencies of fibrous filters showed very good agreement with experimental data without any free parameters or empirical correction factors. The parametric studies of polydisperse fibrous filters were conducted, and the retention efficiency was varied from 0 to 100% depending on chemical and physical conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalPowder Technology
Volume355
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019

Keywords

  • Adhesive and hydrodynamic torque
  • Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory
  • Microfiltration
  • Polydisperse fibrous membrane filter
  • Ultrafiltration

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