Modeling Relations Between Triarchic Biobehavioral Traits and DSM Internalizing Disorder Dimensions

Robert D. Latzman, Isabella M. Palumbo, Robert F. Krueger, Laura E. Drislane, Christopher J. Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The biobehavioral traits of the triarchic model of psychopathy have well-known correlates with externalizing psychopathology. Although evidence also suggests associations with internalizing disorders, research has yet to formally model relationships between dimensions of internalizing psychopathology and triarchic traits. Employing a sample of 218 adults (50.2% female), the current study used confirmatory factor analysis to characterize how triarchic trait dimensions—delineated using different scale operationalizations—relate to internalizing when modeled as a single broad factor, and as distinct fear and distress subfactors. Findings demonstrated (a) robust opposing relations for triarchic boldness (+) and disinhibition (−), and an interactive association for the two, with general internalizing, along with a modest negative relationship for meanness; and (b) distinct associations for the three triarchic trait dimensions with fear and distress subfactors of internalizing. This work clarifies how facets of psychopathy relate to the internalizing psychopathology spectrum and provides a means for interfacing this spectrum with biological variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1100-1115
Number of pages16
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by grant W911NF-14-1-0018 from the US Army and grant MH089727 from the National Institute of Mental Health. The content of this paper is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the U.S. Government, Department of Defense, Department of the Army, Department of Veterans Affairs, or U.S. Recruiting Command.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • distress disorders
  • fear disorders
  • internalizing psychopathology
  • psychopathy

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural


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