Modeling of ledges and skulls

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


In many high temperature processes involving liquid melts the common practice is to solidify a fraction of the melt adjacent to the containment wall; a practice that can provide protection of the structural components of the process. The position, shape and transient behavior of these so called 'skulls' and/or 'ledges' are directly dependent on the thermal process conditions. This paper presents a model of a generic ledge process that can predict the steady shape of a ledge. Two numerical implementations are presented and compared: (1) based on a space grid of continuously deforming finite elements (2) based on a conjugate grid of fixed control volumes and deforming boundary elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEPD Congress 1996
EditorsRay Y. Lin, Y.Austin Chang, Ramana G. Reddy, C.T. Liu
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
EventProceedings of the 1996 125th TMS Annual Meeting - Anaheim, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 4 1996Feb 8 1996

Publication series

NameTMS Annual Meeting


OtherProceedings of the 1996 125th TMS Annual Meeting
CityAnaheim, CA, USA

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modeling of ledges and skulls'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this