Modeling effects on children's form kinematics, performance outcome, and cognitive recognition of a sport skill: An integrated perspective

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effectiveness of visual and verbal models during the initial phase of complex sport shill acquisition in children. Thirty-six girls between the ages of 7-0 and 8-11 years were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions in a 3 x4 (Model Type xTrial Block) factorial design. A visual model performing an underhand modified softball pitch was viewed prior to each of four blocks of five practice trials. Verbal performance cues were added to the model at the second, third, orfourth trial block, according to the experimental condition. A multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant trial block main effect, with subjects showing improved matching of form kinematics to the model with increasing trials but no differences in performance outcome. More dramatic changes coincident with the addition of verbal cues were observed for some kinematic variables. Children exhibited better cognitive recognition of correct form as a function of increased exposure to the visual model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1992

Fingerprint

Biomechanical Phenomena
Sports
Cues
Baseball
Analysis of Variance
Recognition (Psychology)
Practice (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Children
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Kinematics
  • Modeling
  • Sport skill acquisition

Cite this

@article{c5d4878e154248dfb9f2b020cf9b282e,
title = "Modeling effects on children's form kinematics, performance outcome, and cognitive recognition of a sport skill: An integrated perspective",
abstract = "This study examined the effectiveness of visual and verbal models during the initial phase of complex sport shill acquisition in children. Thirty-six girls between the ages of 7-0 and 8-11 years were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions in a 3 x4 (Model Type xTrial Block) factorial design. A visual model performing an underhand modified softball pitch was viewed prior to each of four blocks of five practice trials. Verbal performance cues were added to the model at the second, third, orfourth trial block, according to the experimental condition. A multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant trial block main effect, with subjects showing improved matching of form kinematics to the model with increasing trials but no differences in performance outcome. More dramatic changes coincident with the addition of verbal cues were observed for some kinematic variables. Children exhibited better cognitive recognition of correct form as a function of increased exposure to the visual model.",
keywords = "Children, Interdisciplinary, Kinematics, Modeling, Sport skill acquisition",
author = "Wiese-Bjornstal, {Diane M.} and Weiss, {Maureen R.}",
year = "1992",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1080/02701367.1992.10607558",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "67--75",
journal = "Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport",
issn = "0270-1367",
publisher = "AAHPERD",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling effects on children's form kinematics, performance outcome, and cognitive recognition of a sport skill

T2 - An integrated perspective

AU - Wiese-Bjornstal, Diane M.

AU - Weiss, Maureen R.

PY - 1992/3

Y1 - 1992/3

N2 - This study examined the effectiveness of visual and verbal models during the initial phase of complex sport shill acquisition in children. Thirty-six girls between the ages of 7-0 and 8-11 years were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions in a 3 x4 (Model Type xTrial Block) factorial design. A visual model performing an underhand modified softball pitch was viewed prior to each of four blocks of five practice trials. Verbal performance cues were added to the model at the second, third, orfourth trial block, according to the experimental condition. A multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant trial block main effect, with subjects showing improved matching of form kinematics to the model with increasing trials but no differences in performance outcome. More dramatic changes coincident with the addition of verbal cues were observed for some kinematic variables. Children exhibited better cognitive recognition of correct form as a function of increased exposure to the visual model.

AB - This study examined the effectiveness of visual and verbal models during the initial phase of complex sport shill acquisition in children. Thirty-six girls between the ages of 7-0 and 8-11 years were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions in a 3 x4 (Model Type xTrial Block) factorial design. A visual model performing an underhand modified softball pitch was viewed prior to each of four blocks of five practice trials. Verbal performance cues were added to the model at the second, third, orfourth trial block, according to the experimental condition. A multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant trial block main effect, with subjects showing improved matching of form kinematics to the model with increasing trials but no differences in performance outcome. More dramatic changes coincident with the addition of verbal cues were observed for some kinematic variables. Children exhibited better cognitive recognition of correct form as a function of increased exposure to the visual model.

KW - Children

KW - Interdisciplinary

KW - Kinematics

KW - Modeling

KW - Sport skill acquisition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026826637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026826637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02701367.1992.10607558

DO - 10.1080/02701367.1992.10607558

M3 - Article

C2 - 1574663

AN - SCOPUS:0026826637

VL - 63

SP - 67

EP - 75

JO - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

JF - Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

SN - 0270-1367

IS - 1

ER -