Modeling and improving arrayed microalgal biofilm attached culture system

Jianke Huang, Ruirui Chu, Ting Chang, Pengfei Cheng, Jingshun Jiang, Ting Yao, Chengxu Zhou, Tianzhong Liu, Roger Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A microalgal biofilm-attached-system is an alternative cultivation method, that offers potential advantages of improved biomass productivity, efficient harvesting, and water saving. These biofilm systems have been widely tested and utilized for microalgal biomass production and wastewater treatment. This research a microalgal growth model for the biofilm attached culture system has been developed and experimentally validated, both, in single and arrayed biofilm systems. It has been shown that the model has the capability to accurately describe microalgae growth. Moreover, via the model simulation, it was observed that system structural parameters, light dilution rate, and light intensity significantly affected the culture performance. The limitations, and improvement aspects of the model, are also discussed in this study. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a mathematical model for an arrayed-biofilm-attached-system has been developed and validated. This model will certainly be helpful in the design, improvement, optimization, and evaluation of the biofilm-attached-systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124931
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The study was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. B200201001 ), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (No. LY20D060003 ), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31402319 ), the Ningbo Municipal Natural Science Foundation (No. 431901822 ), University of Minnesota MnDrive Environment Program MNE12 , and University of Minnesota Center for Biorefining .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Culture performance
  • Light dilution
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Microalgal biofilm attached system
  • Microalgal growth kinetics

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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