Modeling and control of the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In thermoplastic tape-laying with in-situ consolidation, a laminated composite is constructed by the local application of heat and pressure. A moving head, applying heat and pressure, lays down and bonds a new layer to the previously bonded layers (substrate). The temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate is critical to achieving interlaminar bonding. Recent research on the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process has focused on modeling, numerical analysis and experimental analysis, but little research has considered the control of this process. In this work, a method is proposed for modeling and control of in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying. The key to the control algorithm is predicting the temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate. Based on a process model, a state feedback controller and a state estimator for temperature are designed for closed-loop control using the linear quadratic method. Two different approaches are used to develop the process model for real-time closed-loop control through temperature feedback. In the first approach, a low-order lumped parameter model is constructed from a finite difference.scheme. The second approach constructs an empirical model through system identification. The structures of the two models are identical, but the parameters differ. The experimental results have shown that the developed estimator and controller can accurately estimate and control the bonding temperature using temperature feedback indicating that the proposed modeling and control methodology can produce a high quality thermoplastic composite laminate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-515
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Tapes
Thermoplastics
tapes
composite materials
Composite materials
estimators
Temperature
controllers
Substrates
temperature
Feedback
heat
Controllers
system identification
consolidation
temperature control
Laminated composites
State feedback
Consolidation
laminates

Cite this

@article{6376c790254c4a968d052e469aa6206d,
title = "Modeling and control of the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process",
abstract = "In thermoplastic tape-laying with in-situ consolidation, a laminated composite is constructed by the local application of heat and pressure. A moving head, applying heat and pressure, lays down and bonds a new layer to the previously bonded layers (substrate). The temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate is critical to achieving interlaminar bonding. Recent research on the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process has focused on modeling, numerical analysis and experimental analysis, but little research has considered the control of this process. In this work, a method is proposed for modeling and control of in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying. The key to the control algorithm is predicting the temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate. Based on a process model, a state feedback controller and a state estimator for temperature are designed for closed-loop control using the linear quadratic method. Two different approaches are used to develop the process model for real-time closed-loop control through temperature feedback. In the first approach, a low-order lumped parameter model is constructed from a finite difference.scheme. The second approach constructs an empirical model through system identification. The structures of the two models are identical, but the parameters differ. The experimental results have shown that the developed estimator and controller can accurately estimate and control the bonding temperature using temperature feedback indicating that the proposed modeling and control methodology can produce a high quality thermoplastic composite laminate.",
author = "Sun, {Wei Ching} and Mantell, {Susan C} and Stelson, {Kim A}",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1115/1.2801493",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "120",
pages = "507--515",
journal = "Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME",
issn = "0022-0434",
publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling and control of the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process

AU - Sun, Wei Ching

AU - Mantell, Susan C

AU - Stelson, Kim A

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - In thermoplastic tape-laying with in-situ consolidation, a laminated composite is constructed by the local application of heat and pressure. A moving head, applying heat and pressure, lays down and bonds a new layer to the previously bonded layers (substrate). The temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate is critical to achieving interlaminar bonding. Recent research on the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process has focused on modeling, numerical analysis and experimental analysis, but little research has considered the control of this process. In this work, a method is proposed for modeling and control of in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying. The key to the control algorithm is predicting the temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate. Based on a process model, a state feedback controller and a state estimator for temperature are designed for closed-loop control using the linear quadratic method. Two different approaches are used to develop the process model for real-time closed-loop control through temperature feedback. In the first approach, a low-order lumped parameter model is constructed from a finite difference.scheme. The second approach constructs an empirical model through system identification. The structures of the two models are identical, but the parameters differ. The experimental results have shown that the developed estimator and controller can accurately estimate and control the bonding temperature using temperature feedback indicating that the proposed modeling and control methodology can produce a high quality thermoplastic composite laminate.

AB - In thermoplastic tape-laying with in-situ consolidation, a laminated composite is constructed by the local application of heat and pressure. A moving head, applying heat and pressure, lays down and bonds a new layer to the previously bonded layers (substrate). The temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate is critical to achieving interlaminar bonding. Recent research on the in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying process has focused on modeling, numerical analysis and experimental analysis, but little research has considered the control of this process. In this work, a method is proposed for modeling and control of in-situ thermoplastic composite tape-laying. The key to the control algorithm is predicting the temperature at the interface between the top ply and the substrate. Based on a process model, a state feedback controller and a state estimator for temperature are designed for closed-loop control using the linear quadratic method. Two different approaches are used to develop the process model for real-time closed-loop control through temperature feedback. In the first approach, a low-order lumped parameter model is constructed from a finite difference.scheme. The second approach constructs an empirical model through system identification. The structures of the two models are identical, but the parameters differ. The experimental results have shown that the developed estimator and controller can accurately estimate and control the bonding temperature using temperature feedback indicating that the proposed modeling and control methodology can produce a high quality thermoplastic composite laminate.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032297533&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032297533&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/1.2801493

DO - 10.1115/1.2801493

M3 - Article

VL - 120

SP - 507

EP - 515

JO - Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME

JF - Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME

SN - 0022-0434

IS - 4

ER -