Modeling and control of a renewable hybrid energy system with hydrogen storage

Milana Trifkovic, Mehdi Sheikhzadeh, Khaled Nigim, Prodromos Daoutidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

170 Scopus citations


This paper deals with system integration and controller design for power management of a stand-alone renewable energy (RE) hybrid system, which is at the construction stage in Lambton College (Sarnia, ON, Canada). The system consists of five main components: photovoltaic arrays, wind turbine, electrolyzer, hydrogen storage tanks, and fuel cell. The model for each process component is developed, and all the components are integrated in a Matlab/Simulink environment. A two-level control system is implemented, comprising a supervisory controller, which ensures the power balance between intermittent RE generation, energy storage, and dynamic load demand, as well as local controllers for the photovoltaic, wind, electrolyzer, and fuel cell unit. Simulations are performed to document the efficacy of the proposed power management strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6477101
Pages (from-to)169-179
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Hybrid system
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Model predictive control (MPC)
  • Power management
  • Renewable energy (RE)


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