Model and simulation of a ported kiln for iron oxide pellet induration

Richard A Davis, David J. Englund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


A mathematical model of a ported kiln for iron oxide pelletizing was developed to simulate the effects of under-bed air injection on kiln fuel requirements and magnetite oxidation. A tanks-in-series model was used to set up material and energy balance equations for countercurrent flow of solids and gas through the kiln. The diffusion-limited, shrinking core model was used for the magnetite oxidation reaction kinetics. The port air distribution in the model was adjusted by global optimization to minimize the fuel requirement. The simulation results show that magnetite oxidation may be completed in the kiln with significant fuel savings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-93
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Induration
  • Iron oxide pelletizing
  • Magnetite oxidation
  • Ported kiln

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Model and simulation of a ported kiln for iron oxide pellet induration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this