PURPOSE: Peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) apheresis provides an alternative to autologous marrow harvest as a source of hematologic stem cells for transplantation in children with solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight children with metastatic or recurrent solid tumors underwent 27 apheresis procedures. Recovery from myelosuppressive chemotherapy occurred without continuous daily growth factor support prior to mobilization. Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) at 16 μgs/kg/day was used to increase stem cells in the peripheral circulation. CD 34 positive cells, mononuclear cells (MNC), and CFU-GM were measured in the apheresis products. Prior chemotherapy was examined as a clinical factor that affected PBSC yield. RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between CD 34+/kg and CFU-GM/kg of the products (r = 0.758, P < 0.001). Patients receiving cumulative doses of carboplatin over 1,600 mg/m2 produced adequate MNC (1 x 108/kg) but yielded significantly less CD 34+ cells or CFU-GM than those patients receiving less carboplatin. Prior doses of etoposide and ifosfamide did not effect PBSC yield. CONCLUSIONS: The mobilization technique was well tolerated, and the products obtained produced trilineage engraftment in the patients that underwent peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Peripheral blood stem cell apheresis in children can be optimized by selection of appropriate candidates and mobilization with G-CSF after an absence of hematopoietic growth factor support.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of clinical apheresis|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1998|