Misshapen decreases integrin levels to promote epithelial motility and planar polarity in Drosophila

Lindsay Lewellyn, Maureen Cetera, Sally Horne-Badovinac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Complex organ shapes arise from the coordinate actions of individual cells. The Drosophila egg chamber is an organ-like structure that lengthens along its anterior-posterior axis as it grows. This morphogenesis depends on an unusual form of planar polarity in the organ's outer epithelial layer, the follicle cells. Interestingly, this epithelium also undergoes a directed migration that causes the egg chamber to rotate around its anterior-posterior axis. However, the functional relationship between planar polarity and migration in this tissue is unknown. We have previously reported that mutations in the Misshapen kinase disrupt follicle cell planar polarity. Here we show that Misshapen's primary role in this system is to promote individual cell motility. Misshapen decreases integrin levels at the basal surface, which may facilitate detachment of each cell's trailing edge. These data provide mechanistic insight into Misshapen's conserved role in cell migration and suggest that follicle cell planar polarity may be an emergent property of individual cell migratory behaviors within the epithelium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-729
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume200
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

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