1. An employer's decision whether to drug test or not was found to correlate with the size of the company and how extensively the employer perceives a drug abuse problem exists among its work force. 2. A company's drug testing program must be designed, implemented, and evaluated within a medical-legal framework. This includes issues of: confidentiality, employee actions that trigger a drug test, the presence of a drug and alcohol policy, communicating the program to employees and unions, the employee's rights, the consequences of an employee's positive drug test, and the procedures to be followed when collecting a specimen. 3. Future studies need to explore the issue of dealing with job performance problems; in particular, the cost and effectiveness of employee drug testing vs. the use of discipline alone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|