Minnesota workplace drug testing: Analysis of policy and procedures

J. L. Reynolds, P. M. McGovern, L. Kochevar, D. K. Olson, B. F. Hibbs

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Abstract

1. An employer's decision whether to drug test or not was found to correlate with the size of the company and how extensively the employer perceives a drug abuse problem exists among its work force. 2. A company's drug testing program must be designed, implemented, and evaluated within a medical-legal framework. This includes issues of: confidentiality, employee actions that trigger a drug test, the presence of a drug and alcohol policy, communicating the program to employees and unions, the employee's rights, the consequences of an employee's positive drug test, and the procedures to be followed when collecting a specimen. 3. Future studies need to explore the issue of dealing with job performance problems; in particular, the cost and effectiveness of employee drug testing vs. the use of discipline alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-533
Number of pages11
JournalAAOHN Journal
Volume39
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Reynolds, J. L., McGovern, P. M., Kochevar, L., Olson, D. K., & Hibbs, B. F. (1991). Minnesota workplace drug testing: Analysis of policy and procedures. AAOHN Journal, 39(11), 523-533.