Minimum Reporting Standards for in vivo Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRSinMRS): Experts' consensus recommendations

Experts' Working Group on Reporting Standards for MR Spectroscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The translation of MRS to clinical practice has been impeded by the lack of technical standardization. There are multiple methods of acquisition, post-processing, and analysis whose details greatly impact the interpretation of the results. These details are often not fully reported, making it difficult to assess MRS studies on a standardized basis. This hampers the reviewing of manuscripts, limits the reproducibility of study results, and complicates meta-analysis of the literature. In this paper a consensus group of MRS experts provides minimum guidelines for the reporting of MRS methods and results, including the standardized description of MRS hardware, data acquisition, analysis, and quality assessment. This consensus statement describes each of these requirements in detail and includes a checklist to assist authors and journal reviewers and to provide a practical way for journal editors to ensure that MRS studies are reported in full.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e4484
JournalNMR in biomedicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. NMR in Biomedicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • MR spectroscopy (MRS) and spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) methods
  • reporting guidelines

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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