Minimum reading fluency necessary for comprehension among second-grade students

Matthew K. Burns, Heather Kwoka, Becky Lim, Melissa Crone, Katherine Haegele, David C. Parker, Shawna Petersen, Sarah E. Scholin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The current study examined the relationship between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension for students in second grade. A total of 84 participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions that involved reading a grade-appropriate passage with either 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% scrambled words and answering subsequent comprehension questions. The correlation coefficient between ORF and the number of comprehension questions correctly answered was r=.54. Receiver operating characteristics were then used to empirically derive a minimum ORF score necessary for comprehension, indicating that when these students read 63 words correct per minute they successfully comprehended what they read. Finally, the diagnostic accuracy of the derived criterion of 63 words read correctly per minute was tested and resulted in overall correct classification of .80.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-132
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology in the Schools
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2011


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