Minimizing charging delay in wireless rechargeable sensor networks

Lingkun Fu, Peng Cheng, Yu Gu, Jiming Chen, Tian He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

187 Scopus citations


As a pioneering experimental platform of wireless rechargeable sensor networks, the Wireless Identification and Sensing Platform (WISP) is an open-source platform that integrates sensing and computation capabilities to the traditional RFID tags. Different from traditional tags, a RFID-based wireless rechargeable sensor node needs to charge its onboard energy storage above a threshold in order to power its sensing, computation and communication components. Consequently, such charging delay imposes a unique design challenge for deploying wireless rechargeable sensor networks. In this paper, we tackle this problem by planning the optimal movement strategy of the RFID reader, such that the time to charge all nodes in the network above their energy threshold is minimized. We first propose an optimal solution using the linear programming method. To further reduce the computational complexity, we then introduce a heuristic solution with a provable approximation ratio of (1 + θ)/(1-ε) by discretizing the charging power on a two-dimensional space. Through extensive evaluations, we demonstrate that our design outperforms the set-cover-based design by an average of 24.7% while the computational complexity is O((N/ε)2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM 2013
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2013
Event32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2013 - Turin, Italy
Duration: Apr 14 2013Apr 19 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Other32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2013


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