Minimally invasive procedures: Interventional MR image-guided functional neurosurgery

Ray M. Chu, Ramu Tummala, John Kucharczyk, Charles L. Truwit, Robert E. Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Intraoperative MR imaging techniques have the potential to greatly improve the stereotactic methods used for functional neurosurgery. No longer are neurosurgeons and patients always constrained by uncomfortable head frames and conventional stereotaxy. Accuracy and complication avoidance are improved by intraoperative imaging. Safety of operative machinery and equipment in an MR imaging operative suite is attainable, even with deep brain stimulating electrodes in depth electrodes for epilepsy. Although cost-effectiveness remains to be determined (see article by Kucharczyk et al in this issue), the minor inconveniences of operating within an iMRI environment seem to be significantly out-weighed by the benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-725
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001


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