Mindfulness meditation training in adults and adolescents with ADHD: A feasibility study

Lidia Zylowska, Deborah L. Ackerman, May H. Yang, Julie L. Futrell, Nancy L. Horton, T. Sigi Hale, Caroly Pataki, Susan L. Smalley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

366 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: ADHD is a childhood-onset psychiatric condition that often continues into adulthood. Stimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment; however, additional approaches are frequently desired. In recent years, mindfulness meditation has been proposed to improve attention, reduce stress, and improve mood. This study tests the feasibility of an 8-week mindfulness training program for adults and adolescents with ADHD. Method: Twenty-four adults and eight adolescents with ADHD enrolled in a feasibility study of an 8-week mindfulness training program. Results: The majority of participants completed the training and reported high satisfaction with the training. Pre-post improvements in self-reported ADHD symptoms and test performance on tasks measuring attention and cognitive inhibition were noted. Improvements in anxiety and depressive symptoms were also observed. Conclusion: Mindfulness training is a feasible intervention in a subset of ADHD adults and adolescents and may improve behavioral and neurocognitive impairments. A controlled clinical study is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-746
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Feasibility pilot
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness
  • Neurocognitive measures

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