Mindfulness-based relapse prevention with racial and ethnic minority women

Katie Witkiewitz, Brenna L. Greenfield, Sarah Bowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Racial and ethnic disparities in the treatment of addiction have been acknowledged for several years, yet little is known about which empirically supported treatments for substance use disorders are more or less effective in treating racial and ethnic minority clients. The current study was a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of two evidence-based treatments, mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) and relapse prevention (RP), as part of a residential addiction treatment program for women referred by the criminal justice system (n= 70). At 15-week follow-up, regression analyses found that racial and ethnic minority women in MBRP, compared to non-Hispanic and racial and ethnic minority women in RP, reported significantly fewer drug use days (d. = .31) and lower addiction severity (d. = .65), based on the Addiction Severity Index. Although the small sample size is a limitation, the results suggest that MBRP may be more efficacious than traditional treatments for racial and ethnic minority women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2821-2824
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for this study was provided by a Washington State University-Vancouver mini-grant. Washington State University-Vancouver had no role in the study design, collection, analysis or interpretation of the data, writing the manuscript, or the decision to submit the paper for publication.

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Ethnicity
  • Mindfulness-based relapse prevention
  • Minority
  • Race
  • Substance use disorders

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