Migraine Headache and Risk of Dementia in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study

Kristen M. George, Aaron R. Folsom, A. Richey Sharrett, Thomas H. Mosley, Rebecca F. Gottesman, Ali G. Hamedani, Pamela L. Lutsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to assess the association between migraine headache and incident dementia. Background: Migraine is a risk factor for white matter hyperintensities and ischemic stroke, which are both associated with increased risk of dementia. However, it is unknown whether migraine is independently associated with dementia. Methods: History of migraine was ascertained via questionnaire. Adjudicated cases of dementia were identified using cognitive tests, neuropsychological exams, and clinician review of suspected cases. Incident dementia was identified using adjudicated cases, follow-up calls, and surveillance of hospital and death codes. We assessed hazards of incident dementia by migraine status. Sex differences were also examined and stratified results were presented. Results: Analysis included 12,495 White and African American participants ages 51-70 with a median follow-up time of 21 years. Prevalence of dementia was 18.5% (1821/9955) among those with no migraine history, 15.8% (196/1243) among those with severe non-migraine heading, and 16.7% (233/1397) among migraineurs. There was no association between migraine and incident dementia [hazard ratio: 1.04 (0.91, 1.20)]. There was also no statistically significant interaction between sex and migraine status on risk of dementia. Conclusion: Despite evidence of brain abnormalities in migraineurs, there was no association between migraine and incident dementia in this prospective cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)946-953
Number of pages8
JournalHeadache
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • dementia
  • epidemiology
  • headache
  • migraine

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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