Mid-infrared polarized emission from black phosphorus light-emitting diodes

Junjia Wang, Adrien Rousseau, Mei Yang, Tony Low, Sébastien Francoeur, Stéphane Kéna-Cohen

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41 Scopus citations


We demonstrate a mid-infrared light-emitting diode based on the 2D semiconductor black phosphorus (BP). The device is composed of a mechanically exfoliated BP/molybdenum disulfide heterojunction. Under forward bias, it emits polarized electroluminescence at λ = 3.68 μm, with room-temperature internal and external quantum efficiencies of ∼1% and ∼0.03%, respectively. In our structure, outcoupling losses are dominated by radiation toward the high refractive index substrate. The ability to tune the bandgap of BP and consequently its emission wavelength with layer number, strain, and electric field make these LEDs particularly attractive for heterointegration into mid-infrared photonic platforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3651-3655
Number of pages5
JournalNano letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 13 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge M.Z.U. Khan for providing the marked substrates. S.K.C. acknowledges support from the Canada Research Chairs program. S.K.C. and S.F. gratefully acknowledge funding for this work from NSERC Strategic Grant STPGP-506808.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.


  • 2D materials
  • black phosphorus
  • heterostructures
  • light-emitting diodes
  • mid-infrared emitters


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