Microwave pyrolysis of walnut shell for reduction process of low-grade pyrolusite

Kangqiang Li, Guo Chen, Jin Chen, Jinhui Peng, Roger Ruan, C. Srinivasakannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Replacing fossil energy by utilizing biomass as carbon source to convert metal oxides has meaning for reduction of minerals. Microwave pyrolysis of walnut shell for reduction process of low-grade pyrolusite was proposed. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated biomass pyrolysis process for reduction of pyrolusite was divided into four phases identified by temperatures: dehydration stage (<150 °C), pre-pyrolysis stage (150 °C–290 °C), curing decomposition stage (290 °C–480 °C) and carbonization stage (>480 °C), and manganese recovery reached 92.01% at 650 °C for 30 min with 18% walnut shell. The strongest preferential orientation of MnO was appeared, with good crystalline structure and no MnO2 and FeO peaks detected. The product surface became loose and porous with numerous cracks, pits and holes, and molten granules were interconnected and stacked with regular shape. The methods propose new idea of selective reduction of pyrolusite based on biomass pyrolysis by microwave heating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121838
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume291
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Biomass pyrolysis
  • Low-grade pyrolusite
  • Microwave heating
  • Phase transformation
  • Structural
  • Thermal behavior

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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