Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of formic acid pretreated bamboo sawdust for bio-oil production

Leilei Dai, Yunpu Wang, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The integrated process of formic acid pretreatment and pyrolysis of bamboo sawdust (BS) under microwave irradiation is developed to produce high-quality bio-oil in this study. Experimental results indicated that microwave-assisted formic acid (MFA) pretreatment was able to reduce the contents of hydrogen, ash, and volatile in biomass. In the meanwhile, a distinct increase in the higher heating value of pretreated BS was observed. Although a higher pretreatment temperature led to lower mass yield, the corresponding energy yield of solid product was remarkably higher. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transfer infrared spectrometry analyses of pretreated BS suggested that MFA pretreatment could destruct the pristine structure of BS. Therefore, thermal properties of pretreated BS were significantly altered in terms of thermal stability and decomposition temperature according to thermogravimetric analysis. Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of pretreated samples could produce less acids, phenols, and ketones but more sugars, especially gluopyranose. Furthermore, the relevant mechanism of microwave-assisted pyrolysis of pretreated BS was interpreted. In sum, MFA was a feasible and promising technology to improve the quality of bio-oil from microwave pyrolysis of biomass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108988
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Fingerprint

formic acid
Sawdust
Bamboo
bamboo
Microwaves
oil production
pyrolysis
Oils
Pyrolysis
Ashes
Biomass
Hot Temperature
Microwave irradiation
Phenols
Temperature
Ketones
oil
Sugars
biomass
Spectrometry

Keywords

  • Bamboo sawdust
  • Bio-oil
  • Formic acid pretreatment
  • Microwave pyrolysis

Cite this

Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of formic acid pretreated bamboo sawdust for bio-oil production. / Dai, Leilei; Wang, Yunpu; Liu, Yuhuan; Ruan, Roger.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 182, 108988, 03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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