This study performed microwave-assisted acid pretreatment on pure lignin. The effects of microwave temperature, microwave time, and hydrochloric acid concentration on characteristics and pyrolysis behavior of lignin were examined. Results of ultimate analysis revealed better properties of all pretreated samples than those of raw lignin. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis showed breakage of β–O–4 bond and aliphatic side chain, decrease in –OH groups, and formation of C[dbnd]O groups in pretreatment. Microwave temperature exerted more significant influence on lignin structure. Thermal stability of treated lignin was improved and insensitive to short microwave time and acid concentration under mild conditions. Resulting from improved alkyl-phenols and decreased alkoxy-phenols, microwave-assisted acid pretreatment of lignin yielded bio-oil with excellent quality. Total yield of phenols in pyrolysis vapors (200 °C) improved to 14.15%, whereas that of guaiacols decreased to 22.36%. This study shows that microwave-assisted acid pretreatment is a promising technology for lignin conversion.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21766019 , 21466022 ), International Cooperation Project of MOST. P. R. China ( 2015DFA60170-4 ), The Key Research and Development Program of Jiangxi Province ( 20171BBF60023 ), Science and Technology Research Project of Jiangxi Province Education Department (No. GJJ150213 ), Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development Fund of “Thousand talents program ” Talent (No. 1001-02102082 ), Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development (No. Y707sb1001 ).
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
- Pyrolysis behaviors