Microvascular blood flow and stasis in transgenic sickle mice

Utility of a dorsal skin fold chamber for intravital microscopy

Venkatasubramaniam S. Kalambur, Hemchandra Mahaseth, John C Bischof, Miroslaw C. Kielbik, Thomas E. Welch, Åsa Vilbäck, David J. Swanlund, Robert P Hebbel, John D Belcher, Gregory M Vercellotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vascular inflammation, secondary to ischemia-reperfusion injury, may play an essential role in vaso-occlusion in sickle cell disease (SCD). To investigate this hypothesis, dorsal skin fold chambers (DSFCs) were implanted on normal and transgenic sickle mice expressing human α and βs/ βs-Antilles globin chains. Microvessels in the DSFC were visualized by intravital microscopy at baseline in ambient air and after exposure to hypoxia-reoxygenation. The mean venule diameter decreased 9% (P < 0.01) in sickle mice after hypoxia-reoxygenation but remained constant in normal mice. The mean RBC velocity and wall shear rate decreased 55% (P < 0.001) in sickle but not normal mice after hypoxia-reoxygenation. None of the venules in normal mice became static at any time during hypoxia-reoxygenation; however, after 1 hr of hypoxia and 1 hr of reoxygenation, 11.9% of the venules in sickle mice became static (P < 0.001). After 1 hr of hypoxia and 4 hr of reoxygenation, most of the stasis had resolved; only 3.6% of the subcutaneous venules in sickle mice remained static (P = 0.01). All of the venules were flowing again after 24 hr of reoxygenation. Vascular stasis could not be induced in the subcutaneous venules of sickle mice by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Leukocyte rolling flux and firm adhesion, manifestations of vascular inflammation, were significantly higher at baseline in sickle mice compared to normal (P < 0.01) and increased 3-fold in sickle (P < 0.01), but not in normal mice, after hypoxia-reoxygenation. Plugs of adherent leukocytes were seen at bifurcations at the beginning of static venules. Misshapen RBCs were also seen in subcutaneous venules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-125
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

Fingerprint

Venules
Transgenic Mice
Skin
Blood Vessels
Leukocyte Rolling
Inflammation
Intravital Microscopy
Globins
Sickle Cell Anemia
Microvessels
Hypoxia
Reperfusion Injury
Leukocytes
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Air

Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Intravital microscopy
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Skin fold chambers
  • Stasis
  • Vaso-occlusion

Cite this

Microvascular blood flow and stasis in transgenic sickle mice : Utility of a dorsal skin fold chamber for intravital microscopy. / Kalambur, Venkatasubramaniam S.; Mahaseth, Hemchandra; Bischof, John C; Kielbik, Miroslaw C.; Welch, Thomas E.; Vilbäck, Åsa; Swanlund, David J.; Hebbel, Robert P; Belcher, John D; Vercellotti, Gregory M.

In: American Journal of Hematology, Vol. 77, No. 2, 01.10.2004, p. 117-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kalambur, Venkatasubramaniam S. ; Mahaseth, Hemchandra ; Bischof, John C ; Kielbik, Miroslaw C. ; Welch, Thomas E. ; Vilbäck, Åsa ; Swanlund, David J. ; Hebbel, Robert P ; Belcher, John D ; Vercellotti, Gregory M. / Microvascular blood flow and stasis in transgenic sickle mice : Utility of a dorsal skin fold chamber for intravital microscopy. In: American Journal of Hematology. 2004 ; Vol. 77, No. 2. pp. 117-125.
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