Microbial competition among anammox bacteria in nitrite-limited bioreactors

Lei Zhang, Yuko Narita, Lin Gao, Muhammad Ali, Mamoru Oshiki, Satoshi Ishii, Satoshi Okabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phylogenetically diverse anammox bacteria have been detected in most of anoxic natural and engineered ecosystems and thus regarded as key players in the global nitrogen cycle. However, ecological niche differentiation of anammox bacteria remains unresolved despite its ecological and practical importance. In this study, the microbial competitions for a common substrate (nitrite) among three anammox species (i.e. “Candidatus Brocadia sinica”, “Candidatus Jettenia caeni” and “Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis”) were systematically investigated in nitrite-limited gel-immobilized column reactors (GICR) and membrane bioreactors (MBRs) under different nitrogen loading rates (NLRs). 16 S rRNA gene-based population dynamics revealed that “Ca. J. caeni” could proliferate only at low NLRs, whereas “Ca. B. sinica” outcompeted other two species at higher NLRs in both types of reactors. Furthermore, FISH analysis revealed that “Ca. J. caeni” was mainly present as spherical microclusters at the inner part (low NO2 environment), whereas “Ca. B. sinica” was present throughout the gel beads and granules. This spatial distribution supports the outcomes of the competition experiments. However, the successful competition of “Ca. J. caeni” at low NLR could not be explained with the Monod model probably due to inaccuracy of kinetic parameters such as half saturation constant (Ks) for nitrite and a difference in the maintenance rate (m). In addition, the growth of “Ca. K. stuttgartiensis” could not be observed in any experimental conditions, suggesting possible unknown factor(s) is missing. Taken together, NLR was one of factors determining ecological niche differentiation of “Ca. B. sinica” and “Ca. J. caeni”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Volume125
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was financially supported by Nagase Science Technology Foundation and Institute for Fermentation, Osaka , which were granted to Satoshi Okabe. Lei Zhang was supported partly by the Monbukagakusho Honors Scholarship for Privately Financed International Students offered by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology , Japan. Post-Doctoral Fellowship of Muhammad Ali was sponsored by Graduate school of Engineering, Hokkaido University , Japan. Appendix A

Keywords

  • Ca. Brocadia sinica
  • Ca. Jettenia caeni
  • Ca. Kuenenia stuttgartiensis
  • Niche differentiation
  • Population dynamics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Microbial competition among anammox bacteria in nitrite-limited bioreactors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this