MHC class II+ exosomes in plasma suppress inflammation in an antigen-specific and Fas ligand/Fas-dependent manner

Hee Kim Seon, Nicole R. Bianco, William J. Shufesky, Adrian E. Morelli, Paul D. Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exosomes are 50- to 100-nm vesicles that are formed within the late endocytic compartment and released from a variety of cell types. Previously, we demonstrated that exosomes derived from dendritic cells transduced with adenoviral vectors expressing IL-10, IL-4, or Fas ligand (FasL) produce anti-inflammatory exosomes able to reduce inflammation in a murine paw delayed-type hypersensitivity model, suppress the onset on murine collagen-induced arthritis, and reduce the severity of established collagen-induce arthritis. In this study, we examined the ability of endogenous, blood-borne exosomes to regulate the immune response. Exosomes isolated from plasma of mice immunized to keyhole limpet hemocyanin, but not from naive or OVA-immunized mice, were able to suppress the keyhole limpet hemocyanin-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity inflammatory response. The anti-inflammatory effect was mediated by MHC class II+ plasma exosomes that were also FasL+ and CD11b+, but CD11c-. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory effect of the MHC class II+ plasma-derived exosomes was, in part, dependent upon the presence of FasL in the exosomes and Fas in the recipient mouse. These results suggest that exosomes in the plasma, produced by MHC class II+ and CD11b+ cells, have the ability to suppress the immune response in an Ag-specific manner in part through a Fas/FasL-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2235-2241
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume179
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2007
Externally publishedYes

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