The genetic association of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphism with methotrexate (MTX)-associated toxicity has been evaluated and conflicting results have been reported. The substantial heterogeneity of the studied population was suggested to be a possible explanation because ethnicity, MTX dose, coadministered chemotherapeutic agents, and folinate rescue dosage regimen could alter the MTX toxicity profile. The patient population was homogenized by limiting the cancer type to primary central nervous system lymphoma and chemotherapy protocol to a high-dose MTX monotherapy regimen. A total of 111 patients with 402 chemotherapy courses were analyzed. MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism was identified as an independent predictive marker for MTX-associated hematologic toxicity (odds ratio, 2.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.32–5.09; P =.0055). Clinically significant nephrotoxicity occurred in patients without delayed elimination, suggesting roles for factors other than serum MTX levels. MTX-induced hepatotoxicity and oral mucositis occurred independently of plasma MTX levels.
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Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism
- high-dose methotrexate