Methodology to Evaluate Performance of Sediment Control Log Filter Media

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Stormwater management is necessary to protect surface waters from pollutants, and significant amounts of time and money are being expended to purchase and install sediment control logs for this purpose. Testing to compare new innovations in sediment control log filter media and uses has been done; however, more is needed. Whereas testing has traditionally been done using open-channel flumes, a large-scale constant head permeameter was used in this study, and its measurements were compared with testing results from open-channel flume measurements to indicate that this testing method is viable, if not a preferable, alternative. A nonlinear relationship involving the specific discharge was determined in a variety of filter media, including straw, coir, wood fiber, rock, and wood compost. The nonlinear relationship suggests that a nonlaminar flow is occurring within the media. The height of the seepage emerging from the downstream face of a sediment control log was also demonstrated to be a critical measured parameter if an open-channel flume is used as a testing apparatus. This study also included sediment capture testing and revealed that sediment control logs are capable of removing 72% to 92% of suspended sediments by weight, mostly through sedimentation, but with as much as 15% removal through filtration, depending on the media type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04021065
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded by the Minnesota Department of Transportation. The authors are indebted to Dwayne Stenlund for his valuable assistance and support. The insight provided by the technical advisory committee is also greatly appreciated, which included Dwayne Stenlund, Bruce Holdhusen, Leo Holm, Lori Belz, Jennifer Hildebrand, Sarah Thomson, Logan Quiggle, Kurt Kelsey, and Michael Ramy, Jr. Contributions by Dr. Yali Woyessa were also very helpful. This work could not have been possible without the University of Minnesota Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering Department staff, including Kerry Holmberg, Emily Deering, and Derrick Ferguson.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Society of Civil Engineers.


  • Filter log
  • Filter testing
  • Permeameter
  • Sediment control
  • Stormwater management


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