Methodological pluralism: The gold standard of STEM evaluation

Frances P Lawrenz, Douglas Huffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This chapter presents the conceptualization that scientific evaluation is a comprehensive concept including both experimental and nonexperimental methods and that a variety of methods are preferred for STEM evaluation and for the field of evaluation as a whole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-34
Number of pages16
JournalNew Directions for Evaluation
Issue number109
StatePublished - 2006


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