Catalyst lifetime and product selectivity of methanol-to-olefins (MTO) catalysis on window-cage type zeolites and zeotypes are examined and interpreted to elucidate the critical role of high-pressure H2 and CO in MTO catalysis at conditions relevant for syngas-to-olefins (STO) conversion (H2/CH3OH >100, CO/CH3OH >100). Propylene co-feed experiments elucidate that acid-catalyzed hydrogenation reactions transpire and enhance olefins-cycle propagation by intercepting formaldehyde-mediated condensation and dehydrocyclization reaction cascades to result in an increase in catalyst lifetime (>7×) and decrease ethylene-to-propylene (∼1.5×) and ethylene-to-butenes ratios (∼1.6×) during MTO with high-pressure H2 co-feeds. CO is mechanistically relevant in increasing ethylene-to-propylene (∼1.5–3.0×) and ethylene-to-butenes ratio (∼1.7×) during MTO catalysis only at high CO (3–8 bar) and syngas pressures (24 bar, H2/CO∼2–16); at these high pressures, CO participates in carbonylation reactions to enhance aromatics-cycle propagation and enable a pathway for ethylene production via methyl acetate formation. These results suggest that high-pressure syngas introduces new catalytic pathways to distinguish MTO catalysis from STO catalysis and MTO catalysis in the presence of high-pressure syngas reagents.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge financial support from Dow through the University Partnership Initiative. ZS acknowledges financial support from University of Minnesota Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship.
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.
- Ethylene-to-propylene ratio
- Hydrocarbon pool
- Light olefin selectivity
- Small pore zeolites