Metamorphic and tectonic evolution of a structurally continuous blueschist-to-Barrovian terrane, Sivrihisar Massif, Turkey

Donna L Whitney, Christian Teyssier, Erkan Toraman, Nick Seaton, A. K. Fayon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metamorphic terranes comprised of blueschist facies and regional metamorphic (Barrovian) rocks in apparent structural continuity may represent subduction complexes that were partially overprinted during syn- to post-subduction heating or may be comprised of unrelated tectonic slices. An excellent example of a composite blueschist-to-Barrovian terrane is the southern Sivrihisar Massif, Turkey. Late Cretaceous blueschist facies rocks are dominated by marble characterized by rod-shaped calcite pseudomorphs after aragonite and interlayered with blueschist that contains eclogite and quartzite pods. Barrovian rocks, which have 40Ar/39Ar white mica ages that are >20Myr younger than those of the blueschists, are also dominated by marble, but rod-shaped calcite has been progressively recrystallized into massive marble within a ~200-m transition zone. Barrovian marble is interlayered with quartzite and schist in which isograds are closely spaced and metamorphic conditions range from chlorite to sillimanite zone over ~1km present-day structural thickness. Andalusite, kyanite and prismatic sillimanite are present in muscovite-rich quartzite; in one location, all three are in the same rock. Andalusite pre-dates Barrovian metamorphism, kyanite is both pre- and syn-Barrovian and sillimanite is entirely Barrovian. Muscovite with phengitic cores and relict kyanite in quartzite below the staurolite-in isograd are evidence for pre-Barrovian subduction metamorphism preserved at the low-T end of the Barrovian domain; above the staurolite isograd, all evidence for subduction metamorphism has been erased. Some regional metamorphism may have occurred during exhumation, as indicated by syn-kinematic high-T minerals defining the fabric of L-tectonite. Quartz microstructures in lineated quartzite reveal a strong constrictional fabric that may have formed in a transtensional bend in the plate boundary. Transtension accounts for the closely spaced isograds and development of a strong constrictional fabric during exhumation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-212
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Metamorphic Geology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Keywords

  • Barrovian
  • Blueschist
  • Exhumation
  • Isograds
  • Sivrihisar
  • Subduction
  • Turkey

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