As a C1 feedstock, CO 2 has the potential to be uniquely highly economical in both a chemical and a financial sense. In particular, the highly atom-economical acid-catalyzed cycloaddition of CO 2 to epoxides to yield cyclic organic carbonates (OCs), a functionality having many important industrial applications, is an attractive reaction for the utilization of CO 2 as a chemical feedstock. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising candidates in catalysis as they are a class of crystalline, porous, and functional materials with remarkable properties including great surface area, high stability, open channels, and permanent porosity. MOFs structure tunability and their affinity for CO 2 , makes them great catalysts for the formation of OCs using CO 2 and epoxides. In this review, we examine MOF-based catalytic materials for the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to epoxides. Catalysts are grouped based on the location of catalytic sites, i.e., at the struts, nodes, defect sites, or some combination thereof. Additionally, important features of each catalyst system are critically discussed.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Beyzavi, Stephenson, Liu, Karagiaridi, Hupp and Farha.
- Carbon dioxide fixation
- Carbon dioxide utilization
- Cyclic carbonates
- Cycloaddition reactions
- Heterogeneous catalysts
- Metal-organic frameworks