A suite of late first row transition metal complexes has been synthesized using a monoanionic nitrogen donor β-diketiminate ligand with quinolyl pendant arms, BDIQQH (1). BDIQQNiOTf (2), BDI QQCuCl (4), BDIQQZnCl (5) were prepared from the reaction of 1 with Ni(OTf)2, CuCl2·2H2O and ZnCl2, respectively. BDIQQNiCl (3) was synthesized from an anion exchange of 2 with nBu4NCl. Reaction of 1 and CoI2 afforded the unexpected [(BDIQQ)2Co] +I- (6). Through density functional theory (DFT) calculations, ligand geometries in BDIQQ complexes were investigated and it was found that smaller ionic radius and higher charge destabilize 1:1 metal-ligand complexes relative to alternative 1:2 complexes like 6 owing to significant conformational strain in 1:1 complexes involving metals with small ionic radii. Synthesis and characterization of these complexes, including crystal structures of 4 and 5, are reported, in addition to the results of DFT calculations.
- Conformation energy