Metabolic Syndrome and Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation: ARIC Study

Joseph J. Decker, Faye L. Norby, Mary R. Rooney, Elsayed Z. Soliman, Pamela L. Lutsey, James S. Pankow, Alvaro Alonso, Lin Y. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose- Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a prothrombotic state, is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke. The CHA2DS2-VASc score does not account for the MetS components of prehypertension, prediabetes mellitus, abdominal obesity, elevated triglycerides, and low HDL (high-density lipoprotein). Data are limited on the association of MetS with stroke in AF, independent of CHA2DS2-VASc variables. Our aim was to identify MetS components associated with ischemic stroke in participants with AF in the ARIC study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities). Methods- We included 1172 participants with incident AF within 5 years of measurement of MetS components. MetS was defined by ATP criteria and International Diabetes Federation criteria. Incident ischemic stroke was physician adjudicated. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess the association of MetS components with stroke. Results- After a median follow-up of 14.8 years, there were 113 ischemic stroke cases. Of the individual MetS components, low HDL was borderline associated with increased stroke risk (hazard ratio, 1.48 [95% CI, 0.99-2.21]) after adjustment for CHA2DS2-VASc variables while the remaining MetS variables were not associated with stroke risk. The presence of ≥3 components of MetS was not significantly associated with ischemic stroke after adjustment for CHA2DS2-VASc variables (hazard ratio, 1.38 [95% CI, 0.91-2.11]). The risk of stroke increased by 13% for each additional component of MetS; however, this association was borderline significant (hazard ratio, 1.13 [95% CI, 0.99-1.28]). Conclusions- The presence of MetS was not significantly associated with ischemic stroke after adjustment for CHA2DS2-VASc variables. Consideration of MetS is unlikely to improve stroke prediction in AF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3045-3050
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • diabetes mellitus
  • hypertension
  • metabolic syndrome
  • obesity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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