Meningeal hemangiopericytoma with intracranial metastases in an HIV-positive male: Case report and review of the literature

Zachary Beatty, Thomas Bergman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Meningeal hemangiopericytoma is a rare, aggressive CNS tumor that tends to invade locally, metastasize, and has a high rate of recurrence. HIV classically increases the risk of 3 AIDS-defining malignancies: Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and invasive cervical cancer. More recently, considerable interest has been paid to the link between HIV and a wider range of non-AIDS-defining cancers. An HIV-positive patient with meningeal hemangiopericytoma is described. Case Description: A 36-year-old HIV-positive male presented with worsening headache and ataxia. The patient had experienced similar neurologic symptoms 4 months prior and MRI at that time had showed an extra-axial left cerebellar mass most consistent with benign meningioma. Repeat MRI showed the tumor had increased in size by a factor of greater than 20 in this 4-month period, with 4 small additional foci of similar enhancement. Subtotal resection was performed on the mass and final pathological diagnosis was meningeal hemangiopericytoma. Conclusions: This represents the first reported case of meningeal hemangiopericytoma in an HIV-positive patient. This is also the shortest time to intracranial metastasis ever reported for a meningeal hemangiopericytoma. Although the increased risk in the HIV-positive population of non-AIDS-defining cancers that has been observed in recent years can largely be attributed to cancers with a known viral pathogenesis, it is speculated that HIV infection in this patient may have contributed to the occurrence or unique behavior of this rare tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalCase Reports in Oncology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Brain neoplasms
  • Hemangiopericytoma
  • HIV
  • Meningeal hemangiopericytoma

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