The intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP) was performed on 56 patients with intractable complex-partial epilepsy who were candidates for temporal lobectomy. Seizure focus was lateralized to one hemisphere, as determined by surface EEG recordings and MRI evidence of temporal lobe disease. IAP memory items were presented following injection of 125 mg of sodium amytal into the internal carotid artery. Verbal, Nonverbal, Design, Pictorial, and Total memory scores were calculated based on recall/recognition of memory stimuli following drug recovery. Poorer memory was observed in the hemisphere ipsilateral to seizure focus on all memory scores. The Total Memory Score was the best memory measure, correctly classifying the largest number of patients. Using optimal cut-off scores on this measure, 75% of the patients with left hemisphere seizure focus and 79% of the patients with right seizure focus were correctly classified. There was a definite tendency for the dominant hemisphere to outperform the non-dominant. This must be taken into account in arriving at optimal cut-off points.
- intracarotid amobarbital procedure
- neuropsychological assessment