Water purification for human use, ecosystem management, agriculture, and industry is emerging as a leading global priority. Access to sufficient clean water ultimately requires improvements over the current state of water filtration technology. Membrane technologies for water purification have been actively pursued for decades, but with recent innovation of both analytical and fabrication tools, more advanced membrane technologies are surfacing. Here, we review the design, development, and application of new membrane materials, fabrication methods for controlling the filtration size regime, analytical tools for performance testing, and molecular modeling for transport and separation. Membrane chemical stability, fouling, and environmental impact as open questions are also presented.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology|
|State||Published - 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Use of the Center for Nanoscale Materials was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The authors gratefully acknowledge support from a University of Chicago-Argonne National Laboratory Water Initiative grant.
© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.