MEMBRANE IONIC CURRENT PHOTOMODIFICATION BY ROSE BENGAL AND MENADIONE: ROLE OF SINGLET OXYGEN

Edgar Arriaga, Andrey Frolov, Merrill Tarr, Dennis Paul Valenzeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: Photosensitized modification of ionic leak current and potassium current was studied in frog cardiac atrial cells using whole cell patch clamp techniques. Rose bengal (RB) and menadione (MQ) were used as photosensitizers. Separate photophysical studies of the photosensitizers in deuterium oxide solution demonstrated that MQ did not produce singlet oxygen as evidenced by the lack of luminescence at 1270 nm, whereas RB was an efficient singlet oxygen generator. Both photosensitizers sensitized block of potassium current in atrial cells, and both sensitized an increase of ionic leak current. However, when photosensitizer concentrations and illumination intensities were adjusted to match the rate of block of potassium current by the two photosensitizers, there were dramatic differences in leak current increase, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Menadione sensitized a much slower increase in leak current than did RB. Further, the leak current sensitized by MQ had a more positive reversal potential than that sensitized by RB, suggesting a less potassium‐selective leak current pathway. The results suggest that, while the effects of singlet oxygen and non‐singlet oxygen modification of cell membranes may be similar, there may also be significant differences in the resulting membrane permeabilities. The results also demonstrate that MQ and RB may be useful agents to study the role of singlet oxygen versus non‐singlet oxygen modification of biological systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-642
Number of pages6
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1994
Externally publishedYes

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