Melt amination of polypropylenes

Q. W. Lu, Chris Macosko, J. Horrion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Amine (primary and secondary) functional polypropylenes were prepared by the melt blending of maleated polypropylenes with small diamines, including hexamethylenediamine (primary-primary diamine), p-xylylenediamine (primary-primary diamine), and N-hexylethylenediamine (primary-secondary diamine), at various diamine/anhydride molar ratios in a batch mixer and a twin-screw extruder. The experimental conversion data by Fourier transform infrared nearly agreed with the assumption of a complete reaction between the primary amine and anhydride. Chain extensions of the maleated polypropylenes by the diamines were monitored by the torques during mixing and further evaluated by Rheological (dynamic shear rheometry) and mechanical measurements. We show that these amino polypropylenes are very effective adhesion promoters and compatibilizers of thermoplastic polyurethanes with polypropylene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4217-4232
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume43
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2005

Keywords

  • Diamine
  • Maleic anhydride
  • Melt mixing
  • Polypropylene
  • Reactive extrusion

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