Melatonin and risk of mortality in subjects with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Suzy H. Lin, Colette Galet, Mario Zanaty, Emine Bayman, William K. Rogers, David Hasan, Lauren D. Allan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a cause of morbidity associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Neuroinflammation contributes to the development of DCI. Melatonin is a sleep-promoting hormone known to have cerebral anti-inflammatory properties. We hypothesized that synthetic melatonin (or the selective melatonin receptor agonist ramelteon) incidentally prescribed to improve sleep may lower the incidence of DCI among hospitalized aSAH patients. Methods: Subjects with a Hunt and Hess Grade I-III were identified from a data registry involving all aSAH patients admitted to our hospital between January 2015 and September 1, 2018. A cohort of patients who received either melatonin or ramelteon during their hospitalization was compared to a matched cohort that did not receive these drugs. The primary endpoint was incidence of DCI. Secondary outcomes included modified Rankin score (mRS) at discharge, discharge destination, and mortality at 6 weeks from discharge. The two groups were compared using univariate analysis. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There was no significant difference in the incidence of DCI (15.8% vs. 16.9%, p = 1), discharge mRS (mRS 0–3: 51.3% vs. 45.1%, p = 0.59), discharge disposition (Home: 43.6% vs. 44.4, p = 0.47), or mortality (0% vs. 9.2%; p = 0.074) between the melatonin/ramelteon and non-melatonin groups. Conclusion: The use melatonin had no effect on DCI but may improve mortality in aSAH subjects. Prospective studies using a larger cohort are warranted to validate these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106990
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume210
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Melatonin
  • Mortality

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