Megabase-scale inversion polymorphism in the wild ancestor of maize

Zhou Fang, Tanja Pyhäjärvi, Allison L. Weber, R. Kelly Dawe, Jeffrey C. Glaubitz, José de Jesus Sánchez González, Claudia Ross-Ibarra, John Doebley, Peter L. Morrell, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra

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68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chromosomal inversions are thought to play a special role in local adaptation, through dramatic suppression of recombination, which favors the maintenance of locally adapted alleles. However, relatively few inversions have been characterized in population genomic data. On the basis of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping across a large panel of Zea mays, we have identified an ~50-Mb region on the short arm of chromosome 1 where patterns of polymorphism are highly consistent with a polymorphic paracentric inversion that captures > 700 genes. Comparison to other taxa in Zea and Tripsacum suggests that the derived, inverted state is present only in the wild Z. mays subspecies parviglumis and mexicana and is completely absent in domesticated maize. Patterns of polymorphism suggest that the inversion is ancient and geographically widespread in parviglumis. Cytological screens find little evidence for inversion loops, suggesting that inversion heterozygotes may suffer few crossover-induced fitness consequences. The inversion polymorphism shows evidence of adaptive evolution, including a strong altitudinal cline, a statistical association with environmental variables and phenotypic traits, and a skewed haplotype frequency spectrum for inverted alleles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-894
Number of pages12
JournalGenetics
Volume191
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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