Objective: To describe the number of medication discrepancies associated with subsequent medication reconciliations by a clinical pharmacist in an ambulatory family medicine clinic and the proportion of subsequent medication reconciliation visits that were associated with hospital discharge, long-term anticoagulation management, or both. Methods: Data on medication reconciliations were collected over a 2-year time period in an ambulatory family medicine clinic for patients taking 10 or more medications. Results: Medication reconciliation was performed 752 times for 500 patients. A total of 5,046 discrepancies were identified, with more than one-half deemed clinically important. A mean (± SD) of 6.7 ± 4.6 discrepancies per visit (3.5 ± 3.2 clinically important) were identified. The findings showed that the distribution of total discrepancies identified by pharmacist-performed medication reconciliation was significantly different over the course of subsequent medication reconciliations. However, the distribution of clinically important discrepancies was not significantly different; important discrepancies were as likely to be found in later reconciliations as in earlier ones. As subsequent medication reconciliation visits were performed, an increasing proportion consisted of post-hospital discharge visits, long-term anticoagulation managed by a clinical pharmacist, or both. Conclusion: Patients with a recent hospital discharge, on long-term anticoagulation management, or both, were more likely to have multiple sessions with a clinical pharmacist for medication reconciliation. These findings can help identify patients for whom medication reconciliation is warranted.
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