Medical Evaluation for Exposure Extremes: Cold

Jessie R. Fudge, Brad L. Bennett, Juris P. Simanis, William O. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Risk of injury in cold environments is related to a combination of athlete preparedness, preexisting medical conditions, and the body's physiologic response to environmental factors, including ambient temperature, windchill, and wetness. The goal of this section is to decrease the risk of hypothermia, frostbite, and nonfreezing cold injuries as well as to prevent worsening of preexisting conditions in cold environments using a preparticipation screening history, examination, and counseling. Cold weather exercise can be done safely with education, proper preparation, and appropriate response to changing weather conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalWilderness and Environmental Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015


  • cold
  • exercise
  • frostbite
  • hypothermia
  • injury prevention


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