Medical dissolution and prevention of canine struvite urolithiasis: Twenty years of experience

C. A. Osborne, J. P. Lulich, D. J. Polzin, T. A. Allen, J. M. Kruger, J. W. Bartges, L. A. Koehler, L. K. Ulrich, K. A. Bird, L. L. Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two types of canine struvite uroliths have been recognized: infection- induced struvite is the most common type; sterile struvite is uncommonly recognized. Infection-induced struvite is most commonly associated with urease-producing staphylococcal UTI. For dogs that qualify, medical dissolution is an effective method of treatment. Medical dissolution protocols encompass: (1) eradication or control of UTI; (2) use of calculolytic diets; and (3) administration of urease inhibitors to patients with persistent UTI caused by urease-producing microbes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-111
Number of pages39
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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