Purpose: Although a few previous studies have reported positive associations between adult myeloid leukemia and a history of certain medical conditions, the etiology of most cases remains largely unknown. Our purpose was to examine associations between certain medical conditions and adult myeloid leukemia. Methods: Using logistic regression, we evaluated associations between 16 self-reported medical conditions and myeloid leukemia in a case-control study of 670 cases [including 420 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 186 chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)] and 701 population-based controls. Results: We observed significant positive associations between AML and ulcerative colitis (odds ratio (OR) = 3.8; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.1-13) and between CML and peptic ulcer (OR = 2.0; 95% CI, 1.1-3.8). A personal cancer history increased both AML (OR = 2.6; 95% CI, 1.7-3.9) and CML (OR = 3.5; 95% CI, 2.0-5.8) risk even after excluding individuals who reported prior radiation and/or chemotherapy treatment. Conclusion: Certain inflammatory medical conditions and a personal history of cancer, independent from therapy, are associated with an increased risk of myeloid leukemia.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments The authors acknowledged the grants from NIH T32 CA099936, R25 CA047888, R01 CA107143, and K05 CA157439.
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Autoimmune disorders
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Medical conditions