Med-Peds Residents’ Career Plans and the Impact of Pediatric Hospital Medicine Fellowship: A Nationwide Survey

James J. McCarthy, Sheila Swartz, Tracey Liljestrom, Joseph Menigo, Leah Cotter, Heather Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: The establishment of pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) as a fellowship-trained subspecialty represents a major change in the practice landscape, particularly for combined internal medicine-pediatrics (med-peds) residents. The most recent literature on med-peds residents’ career choices predates PHM fellowship and its impact has not been well studied. We aimed characterize med-peds residents’ career plans and the factors influencing their choices. Methods: We distributed an electronic survey to the 1,505 resident members of the National Med-Peds Resident Association. In addition to sociodemographic data, participants reported their career plans, how well their residency prepared them for various aspects of practice, and their perceptions of PHM fellowship and its effect on their career choices. Results: Among the 228 participants, the most planned careers were combined hospital medicine (36.8%, 84/228), combined subspecialty practice (32.5%, 74/228), and primary care (31.1%, 71/228). Residents felt well prepared for patient care and significantly more prepared for inpatient practice than for primary care. Participants rated the potential disadvantages of PHM fellowship as major deterrents and did not view the possible advantages as strong incentives. Among those who had considered a hospital medicine careers, 91.2% (186/203) were less likely to pursue PHM after its certification as a subspecialty. Conclusion: Med-peds residents have a wide range of career interests but fellowship has made them less likely to pursue PHM careers. These findings emphasize the importance of addressing the needs of med-peds trained providers as PHM certification pathways and fellowship curricula develop to avoid adverse effects on the workforce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-343
Number of pages8
JournalHospital Topics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • hospitalist workforce
  • Internal medicine-pediatrics
  • med-peds
  • pediatric hospital medicine fellowship

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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