Mechanistic study of the accelerated crucible rotation technique applied to vertical Bridgman growth of cadmium zinc telluride

Mia S. Divecha, Jeffrey J. Derby

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


With cadmium zinc telluride's (CZT) success as a gamma and x-ray detector material, there is need for high-quality, monocrystalline CZT in large volumes. Bridgman and gradient freeze growth methods have consistently produced material containing significant amounts of micron-sized, tellurium-rich inclusions, which are detrimental to device performance. These inclusions are believed to arise from a morphological instability of the growth interface driven by constitutional undercooling. Repeatedly rotating the crucible back and forth via the accelerated crucible rotation technique (ACRT) has been shown to reduce the size and number of inclusions. Via numerical techniques, we analyze the impact of two different applied temperature gradients, 10 K/cm and 30 K/cm, on the flow, temperature, tellurium distribution, and undercooling during growth with and without applied ACRT. Under growth without rotation, a higher axial thermal gradient results in stronger thermal-buoyancy driven flows, faster interface growth velocity, greater tellurium segregation, and stronger undercooling. ACRT improves the stability of the growth interfaces for both systems; however, contrary to conventional wisdom, the case of the shallow thermal gradient is predicted to exhibit a more stable growth interface, which may result in fewer inclusions and higher quality material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XIX
EditorsRalph B. James, Michael Fiederle, Arnold Burger, Stephen A. Payne, Larry Franks
ISBN (Electronic)9781510612419
StatePublished - 2017
EventHard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XIX 2017 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 7 2017Aug 9 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceHard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XIX 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA Prime Award DE-NA0002565, and Washington State University Subaward 118717-G003369; no official endorsement should be inferred. Significant input was provided by Dr. Kelvin Lynn, Jedidiah McCoy, Santosh Swain, and Saketh Kakkireini of Washington State University. Dr. Andrew Yeckel provided support for this work though code development.

Publisher Copyright:
© COPYRIGHT SPIE. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.


  • ACRT
  • Bridgman method
  • Cadmium zinc telluride
  • Crystal growth
  • Inclusions, Crystallinity
  • Model


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