Mechanistic aspects of the photochemistry of [CpM(η6-arene)]+complexes of Fe, Ru and Os

Kent R. Mann, Amy M. Blough, Janet L. Schrenk, R. Scott Koefod, Daniel A. Freedman, John R. Matachek

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The photochemical displacement of η6-arenes from CpM(η6- arene)+ complexes (M=Fe, Ru, Os) involves excitation to produce reactive, d-d excited states. The reactivity of these complexes decreases in the order Fe > Ru >Os for simple methyl substituted arenes. The quantum yields of these photoreactions indicate a significant associative component in the mechanism of arene release. The quantum yields for Fe complexes can be varied by 105 by changing the steric hindrance, the solvent nucleophilicity and the nature of the counterion. The synthesis, photochemical and photophysical properties of CpRu(η6-arene)+ complexes (arene = rubrene, 9-phenylanthracene, coumarin laser dyes) have been investigated. In several cases (rubrene, 9-phenylanthracene) emissive and non-emissive isomers are produced. CpRu(η6-arene)+ complexes that exhibit fluid solution emission have metal complexation of a pendant rather than “chromophore” arene ring. Photochemical arene decomplexation and emission quantum yields for the CpRu+ complexes of substitued coumarins, rubrene, and 9-phenylanthracene show that the reaction and emission quantum yields are inversely related. When the photo-active d-d states are below the emissive arene chromophore in energy, arene displacement is observed; when the arene localized chromophore energy is lowest, emission from the complex is observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalPure and Applied Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to acknowledge the DOE, the 3M company, and in particularly, the NSF for their continuing support of this research over the years.


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