Mechanism for two-roton Raman scattering from liquid helium

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Abstract

We study couplings between the phonon-roton excitations of liquid helium and an electromagnetic field. By including the electronic excitations of the helium atoms as intermediate states, we find a second-order two-roton Raman scattering amplitude which may be large enough to be observable. The roton scattering cross section as a function of energy transfer is calculated from the experimentally known roton spectrum and the pair-correlation function. The lowest-order infrared-absorption process involves (qa)2 and the quadrupole-dipole interaction and is too small to be observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-346
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review
Volume181
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1969

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