Mechanically stable thermally crosslinked poly(acrylic acid)/reduced graphene oxide aerogels

Heonjoo Ha, Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Christopher J. Ellison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) aerogels, high porosity (>99%) low density (∼3-10 mg cm-3) porous materials with GO pore walls, are particularly attractive due to their lightweight, high surface area, and potential use in environmental remediation, superhydrophobic and superoleophilic materials, energy storage, etc. However, pure GO aerogels are generally weak and delicate which complicates their handling and potentially limits their commercial implementation. The focus of this work was to synthesize highly elastic, mechanically stable aerogels that are robust and easy to handle without substantially sacrificing their high porosity or low density. To overcome this challenge, a small amount of readily available and thermally cross-linkable poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) was intermixed with GO to enhance the mechanical integrity of the aerogel without disrupting other desirable characteristic properties. This method is a simple straightforward procedure that does not include multistep or complicated chemical reactions, and it produces aerogels with mass densities of about 4-6 mg cm-3 and >99.6% porosity that can reversibly support up to 10 000 times their weight with full recovery of their original volume. Finally, pressure sensing capabilities were demonstrated and their oil absorption capacities were measured to be around 120 g oil per g aerogel-1 which highlights their potential use in practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6220-6229
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2015

Keywords

  • aerogels
  • environmental remediation
  • graphene
  • nanocomposites
  • poly(acrylic acid)

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