Mechanical Properties of Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) Filled Engineering Thermoplastic Composites

Alper Kiziltas, Douglas J. Gardner, Yousoo Han, Han Seung Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, engineering thermoplastic composites were prepared from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)-filled nylon 6. MCC were added to nylon 6 using melt mixing to produce compounded pellets. The MCC-filled nylon 6 composites with varying concentrations of MCC (from 2.5 to 30 wt%) were prepared by injection molding. The tensile and flexural properties of the nylon 6 composites were increased significantly with the addition of MCC. The maximum strength and modulus of elasticity for the nylon 6 composites were achieved at a MCC weight fraction of 20 %. The Izod impact strength of composites decreased with the incorporation of MCC without any surface treatments and coupling agent. This observation is quite expected for filled polymer systems and has been commonly observed. There was a strong correlation between density and tensile (r = 0.94) and flexural modulus of elasticity (r = 0.9). MCC filled composites manufactured by injection method had highly uniform density distribution through their thickness. The higher mechanical results with lower density demonstrate that MCC can be used as a sufficient reinforcing material for low cost, eco-friendly composites in the automotive industry especially for under-the-hood applications (engine covers, intake manifolds and radiator end tanks) as well as in other applications such as the building and construction industries, packaging, consumer products etc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-372
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymers and the Environment
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Density
  • Engineering thermoplastic composites
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)
  • Nylon 6

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